Gender pay gap

80% of UK companies and public sectors organisations pay women less than men.

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Specialisation - definition

Specialisation takes place when an individual, firm or country produces a narrow range of goods or services and over time develops a comparative cost advantage in producing these goods and services. Specialisation is a fundamental concept in economics and is closely associated with the efficient use of scarce resources. Specialisation is more likely when tasks are broken down and specific roles are allocated - a process called 'the division of labour'.

However, while providing benefits in terms of efficiency specialisation can create problems when individuals and countries 'over-specialise' and produce too narrow a range of goods and services or possess too narrow a range of skills.

WTO rules

What exactly is the 'most favoured nation' rule?

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Model agencies collude to fix rates

Regulators find leading model agencies guilty of price fixing.

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Customs unions

Costs and benefits of customs unions.

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New materials

Multiple choice papers for Paper Three.

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Savings ratio

Savings ratio falls to lowest level on record.

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