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Gender pay gap

80% of UK companies and public sectors organisations pay women less than men.

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CPIH, CPI and RPI

Updated October, 2019

Figures for September 2019

The Consumer Prices Index (CPI) for the 12-month period to September 2019 was unchanged at 1.7% - according figures released by the ONS.

The more comprehensive statistic, the CPIH, which includes owner occupiers’ housing costs, also stood at 1.7%.

Downward pressure came from a range of goods and services, including motor fuels, second-hand cars, and electricity and gas prices. Upward pressure came from rising furniture and domestic appliance prices, along with hotel charges.

The RPI for the 12 months to August 2019 stood at 2.4%. Read more.

CPIh, CPI and RPI (2013 - 2019)

Long run CPI - 1989 to 2019

Previous figures

Figures for August 2019

The Consumer Prices Index (CPI) for the 12-month period to August 2019 stood at 1.7% - down from 2.1% in July, according figures released by the ONS.

The more comprehensive statistic, the CPIH, which includes owner occupiers’ housing costs, was also down, from 2.0% to 1.7%.

Downward pressure came from a range of recreational goods and services - including games and toys) and clothing and sea fares. Upward pressure came from rising air fares.

The RPI for the 12 months to August 2019 stood at 2.6%%. Read more.

Updated June 20th, 2019

Figures for May 2019

The Consumer Prices Index (CPI) for the 12-month period to March 2019 stood at 2.0% - down from 2.1% in April 2019, according figures released by the ONS.

The more comprehensive statistic, the CPIH, which includes owner occupiers’ housing costs, was also down, from 2.0% to 1.9%.

Downward pressure came from transport services and falling car prices, while upward pressure came from increases in games prices, accomodation services, and furniture.

The RPI for the 12 months to May 2019 remained at 3.0%. to 2.4%. Read more.

Updated April, 2019

Figures for February 2019

The Consumer Prices Index (CPI) for the 12-month period to March 2019 stood at 1.9% - unchanged from February 2019, according figures released by the ONS.

The more comprehensive statistic, the CPIH, which includes owner occupiers’ housing costs, also remained at 1.8%.

Downward pressure came from recreational and cultural goods, food and motor vehicles, while upward pressure came from motor fuels and clothing.

The RPI for the 12 months to March 2019, fell slightly, from 2.5% to 2.4%. Read more.

Updated March, 2019

Figures for February 2019

The Consumer Prices Index (CPI) for the 12-month period to February 2019 stood at 1.9% - up from 1.8% in January 2019, according figures released by the ONS.

The more comprehensive statistic, the CPIH, which includes owner occupiers’ housing costs, remained at 1.8%.

Downward pressure over the 12-month period came largely from clothing and footwear, while upward pressure came from a variety of sources, including rising food prices, alcohol and tobacco prices, and recreational goods.

The RPI for the 12 months to February 2019 remained unchanged at 2.5%. Read more.

Updated February 13th, 2019

Figures for January 2019

The Consumer Prices Index (CPI) for the 12-month period to January 2019 stood at 1.8% - down from 2.1% in December 2018, according figures released by the ONS.

The more comprehensive statistic, the CPIH, which includes owner occupiers’ housing costs, was also lower, at 1.8% - down from 2.1% in December.

Downward pressure over the 12-month period came largely from electricity, gas and other fuel prices, while upward pressure came from a variety of sources, especially air fairs.

The RPI for the 12 months to January 2019 also fell, from 2.7% to 2.5%. Read more.

Updated January 16th, 2019

Figures for December 2018

The Consumer Prices Index (CPI) for the 12-month period to December 2018 was 2.1%, down from 2.3% in November 2018, according figures released by the ONS.

The more comprehensive statistic, the CPIH, which includes owner occupiers’ housing costs, was also lower, at 2.0% - down from 2.2% in November.

Downward pressure over the 12-month period came from lower petrol and air fare prices. Upward pressure came from a variety of sources, including mobile phone charges and accommodation services.

The RPI for the 12 months to September also fell, to 2.7% from 3.2%. Read more.

Updated October 17th, 2018

Figures for September 2018

The Consumer Prices Index (CPI) for the 12-month period to September 2018 was 2.4%, down from 2.7% in August 2018, according figures released by the ONS.

The more comprehensive statistic, the CPIH, which includes owner occupiers’ housing costs, was also lower, at 2.2% - down from 2.4% in August.

Downward pressure came from food and non-alcoholic drinks, transport services, recreation and culture. Upward pressure came gas and electricity prices.

The RPI for the 12 months to September also fell, to 3.3% from 3.5%. Read more.

Updated September 19th , 2018

Figures for June 2018

The Consumer Prices Index (CPI) for the 12-month period to August 2018 was 2.7%, up from 2.5% in July 2018, according figures released by the ONS.

The more comprehensive statistic, the CPIH, which includes owner occupiers’ housing costs, was also higher, at 2.4% - up from 2.3%.

Upward pressure came from recreational and cultural goods and services, transport services and clothing. Downward pressure came furniture and household goods, and telecommunications.

The RPI for the 12 months to August rose to 3.5%, up from 3.4%.

Updated July 18th, 2018

Figures for June 2018

The Consumer Prices Index (CPI) for the 12-month period to June 2018 was unchanged at 2.4%, according figures released by the ONS.

The more comprehensive statistic, the CPIH, which includes owner occupiers’ housing costs, was also unchanged, at 2.3%.

Upward pressure came from increases in motor fuel prices, and domestic gas and electricity. Downward pressure came from the prices of games and clothing.

The RPI for the 12 months to May rose to 3.4%, up from 3.3%.

While the RPI is still widely used across the economy, since 2013 it has been relegated from the list of official measures of inflation as it 'does not meet the required standard' to be used as a National Statistic. Read more.

Updated June 13th, 2018

Figures for May 2018

The Consumer Prices Index (CPI) for the 12-month period to May 2018 was unchanged at 2.4%, according figures released by the ONS.

The CPIH, which includes owner occupiers’ housing costs, rose to 2.3%, up from 2.2%.

Upward pressure came from increases in motor fuel prices, and in air and sea fares. Downward pressure came from the prices of games, domestic electricity, food and furniture.

The RPI for the 12 months to May fell to 3.3% - down from 3.4%.

Updated May 23rd, 2018

Figures for April 2018

The Consumer Prices Index (CPI) for the 12-month period to April 2018 was 2.4%, down from 2.5% in March, according figures released by the ONS.

The CPIH, which includes owner occupiers’ housing costs, also fell, to 2.2% down from 2.3%. This is now the lowest rate since January 2017.

Downward pressure came largely from air fares, with upward pressure from motor fuels.

The RPI for the 12 months to April stood at 3.4%.

March 2018

The Consumer Prices Index (CPI) for the 12-month period to March 2018 fell to 2.5%, down from 2.7% in February, according figures released by the ONS.

The CPIH, which includes owner occupiers’ housing costs, also fell, to 2.3% down from 2.5%. This is now the lowest rate for a year.

Downward pressure came from clothing and footwear prices, especially women's clothing items, and from alcohol and tobacco.

The RPI also fell - down from 3.6% to 3.3%.

Updated February 13th, 2018

January 2018

The Consumer Prices Index (CPI) for the 12-month period to January 2018 remained steady at 3.0%, according figures released by the ONS.

The CPIH, which includes owner occupiers’ housing costs, was also steady, at 2.7%.

Downward pressure came from motor fuels while upward pressure came from recreational goods and services prices, including admissions to attractions. 

The RPI fell to 4.0%, down from 4.1% which was its highest rate for 6 years.


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