Economics of Outsourcing: Offshore Development Centers

Economics of Outsourcing: Offshore Development Centers


In today’s highly global and interconnected world, comapnies are constantly seeking ways to optimise their operations and gain competitive advantage. Outsourcing and offshore development centers (ODCs) have emerged as powerful tools for IT firms to improve business performance and profitability. In this article, we will look into the concept of outsourcing and rise of offshore development centers (ODcs) in detail.


Let us look into the concept of outsourcing along with its brief advantages and disadvantages.

What is Outsourcing?

Outsourcing refers to the practice of using external vendors or service providers to perform some business tasks or processes. These tasks can range from customer support and data entry to software development and IT infrastructure management.

Advantages of Outsourcing

Outsourcing offers several advantages for firms, including cost savings, access to specialized skills and expertise, increased efficiency, and improved flexibility. By outsourcing non-core activities, firms can focus on their core activities.

Disadvantages of Outsourcing

Outsourcing has many drawbacks including the loss of control over critical business functions, less control over quality, communication gaps, and cultural differences when working with external vendors.

The Rise of Offshore Development Centers (ODCs)

Now, let us discuss the concept of Offshore Development Centers (ODCs) in detail.

What are Offshore Development Centers (ODCs)?

Offshore development centers (ODCs) are dedicated facilities established by firms in another country to handle software development, maintenance, and related activities in cost effective ways. Unlike outsourcing, ODCs work as an extension of the firm itself, fostering seamless collaboration and control.

Offshore Development Centers (ODCs) vs. Outsourcing

An offshore development center is slightly different from outsourcing. ODC is located in another country, while for outsourcing; location may not be in another country.

The main purpose of outsourcing is to focus on core activities by assigning non-core activities to third parties. On the other hand, the main purpose of ODCs is to decrease expenses based on the cost difference between the two countries.

Advantages of ODCs

Offshore development centers (ODCs) have some key advantages that set them apart from traditional outsourcing models.

Cost Reduction

ODCs are normally setup in countries that have lower cost of doing business as compared to the home country. This will help in significant cost reductions leading to improved profitability.

Business Growth in Foreign Country

ODCs operate as a part of the company which ensures physical presence of the business in that country. This helps the business to be closer to customers in that country and to identify their needs better leading to higher sales volume and better reputation of the business.

Global Talent Pool

ODCs give access to a global talent pool, including highly skilled developers, marketing specialists and other IT experts at lower costs. With ODCs, businesses can maintain direct control over their projects, ensuring quality, security, and adherence to strict timelines.

Product Localisation

ODCs can help firms localise their products. For example, if an IT firm wants to target Nepal with their product, ODC located in Nepal will be a great choice because it will bring the business closer to the customers in Nepal. Moreover, the developers will be from Nepal who can help in localising the product for the customers in Nepal.

Overcoming the Challenges of ODCs

While ODCs offer significant advantages, there are also challenges that firms may face when using them. Firms should be proactive in using strategies to overcome these challenges.

Cultural and Communication Barriers

Working with teams from other cultures and time zones may involve communication and coordination challenges. Differences in work styles, language proficiency, and business practices may hinder effective collaboration. Miscommunication or misunderstandings can occur, leading to delays, errors, and inefficiencies. To overcome this challenge, it is important to foster a culture of open communication, provide clear instructions, and invest in cross-cultural training and team-building activities.

Talent Retention and Knowledge Transfer

ODCs often rely on skilled professionals who may have attractive opportunities in the local job market. Retaining talented individuals can be a challenge, especially when other companies offer competitive compensation or better career prospects. High turnover rates can disrupt project continuity and impact the quality of work. To address this challenge, companies should focus on creating a positive work environment, providing growth opportunities, and offering competitive remuneration packages to retain valuable team members. Effective knowledge transfer processes should also be established to ensure that critical information and expertise are shared within the ODC.

Legal and Intellectual Property Protection

Intellectual property (IP) protection is a crucial concern when outsourcing software development activities to ODCs. Companies need to ensure that robust agreements are in place to protect their proprietary information and prevent unauthorized use or disclosure. Different legal frameworks and regulatory environments in offshore locations can complicate matters, requiring careful due diligence in selecting ODC partners. Companies should work closely with legal experts to navigate IP protection issues and establish safeguards to maintain the security and integrity of their intellectual assets.


Offshore development centers have revolutionized the way companies approach IT outsourcing. With their inherent advantages, ODCs provide a superior alternative to traditional outsourcing practices. They offer cost efficiency, direct control, long-term partnerships, and substantial economic benefits. By proactively addressing the challenges of ODCs and implementing effective strategies, companies can maximize the benefits of offshore development centers while mitigating potential risks and ensuring successful collaborations.