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Indirect taxes

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Gender pay gap

80% of UK companies and public sectors organisations pay women less than men.

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Indirect taxes

Indirect taxes are those which are paid by households and firms when they engage in spending, such as sales tax and Value Added Tax (VAT).  Indirect taxes are also called 'expenditure taxes'.

Indirect taxes can be a specific amount of tax, such as £2 on a packet of cigarettes, or an ad valorem tax, such as 25% on a packet of cigarettes.

The effects of an indirect tax can be illustrated through basic micro-economics graphs.

Specific taxes


WTO rules

What exactly is the 'most favoured nation' rule?

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Model agencies collude to fix rates

Regulators find leading model agencies guilty of price fixing.

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Customs unions

Costs and benefits of customs unions.

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Savings ratio

Savings ratio falls to lowest level on record.

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